through MTHULISI SIBANDA
JOHANNESBURG, (ACJ News) – Major economies on the continent have seen a decrease in mainstream cybersecurity threats, but have seen a massive increase in targeted malware.
That’s according to the latest research from Kaspersky, which reveals that Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa are facing a dramatic change in the threat landscape.
As regular, self-propagating malware declines dramatically as it is no longer effective and cannot pass under safety radars, new patterns of cybercrime are expected to develop over the coming year.
Comparing the total number of mass cyberattacks in 2021, Kaspersky security researchers found a 7.5% drop in Nigeria, 12% in South Africa, and an unprecedented 28.6% drop in Kenya.
This is attributed to the introduction and popularization of new models of cybercrime in the sub-Saharan region.
Cybercrime tools are becoming more and more targeted, alongside a long-term trend where malware creators do not rely on the technical advantage of their technologies over security protection, but on the human factor. .
This has spurred the evolution of phishing patterns in 2021. In particular, the region has seen a wave of “abnormal” spyware attacks.
Maria Garnaeva, senior security researcher in the Kaspersky ICS CERT (Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency) team, said that anomalous spyware attacks have huge potential for growth in the countries mentioned in 2022.
This is because unlike conventional spyware, the entry level for attackers who wish to employ this tactic is significantly lower, because instead of paying for their own infrastructure, they abuse and use victims’ resources.
“We find that cheaper attack methods have always been on the rise in the region and cybercriminals are quickly adopting new tactics,” Garnaeva said.
“Kaspersky therefore suggests that in the near future, these countries should be prepared for such attacks,” added the official.
Garnaeva also reports on a massive and pervasive campaign of fake installers, where bogus pirated software sites offer malware as a service.
The fake installers campaign and botnet have been extremely active in South Africa in 2021 and continue to evolve, but they are hardly being researched.
– CAJ News